The Ontario government plans to strengthen its anti-sprawl policies by making southern municipalities add most new homes to already developed areas and requiring projects on undeveloped land to accommodate more people and jobs.
The province, however, is giving municipalities until 2031 to meet the new, tougher targets set out in its updated growth plan for the Greater Golden Horseshoe region, which stretches from the Niagara Region to Peterborough, Ont.
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"The goal [of the plan] is to protect agricultural land, to maintain and build complete communities and protect our natural heritage systems," said Ontario Municipal Affairs Minister Bill Mauro.
Under the plan, 60 per cent of new residential development will take place in existing neighbourhoods. Municipalities will have to meet a target of 50 per cent by 2022, up from 40 per cent today.
More density around transit stations
Development of vacant land will have to accommodate 80 residents and jobs combined per hectare by 2031, up from 50 today, with 60 residents and jobs by 2022. There will be higher density targets around GO stations, light rail and bus rapid transit and subway stations.
The province's growth plan has been facing some criticism, especially from building industry groups that suggest it has contributed to soaring home prices in the Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area. They argue that it prevents them from building more detached homes and townhomes that would ease some of the pressure on the housing market.
David Crombie, former Toronto mayor, who chaired the advisory panel of the plan, said suggestions that the province's plan is contributing to climbing home prices are untrue and urged developers to find solutions.
"[The development industry] has got an opportunity to work with whatever level of government, civil society groups — they can make it work."
Proponents of the plan say it creates walkable communities that can be well-served by transit, and protects agricultural and ecologically sensitive land.
New rules come after two year study
The province was expected to bring in new rules following recommendations from an expert panel that studied the government's land-use plans for two years. But after municipal leaders said changing their current plans too quickly would be too great a burden, the province has allowed transition time before communities have to meet the recommended targets.
The updated plan also adds urban river valleys and coastal wetlands to the Greenbelt — an 800,000-hectare area of farmland, green space and wetlands around the Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area that is protected from development.
The province is also establishing stronger protections of water systems, and loosening some of its rules concerning the uses of farmland.
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